Soukenická 83/28, Krnov
The first settlement of the Jews in Krnov is evidenced by written reports from the 14th century. During the reign of Georg Hohenzollern in the 16th century the Jews were forced out of the town. In the 17th and 18th century there were allowed to live only a few Jewish families and that with a special permission only. The Jewish community in Krnov was restored in 1848 whereas the most of Jews moved from Osoblaha.
The synagogue was built in 1871 by the builder Ernst Latzel, on the place of former outer walls. The Jewish cemetery was founded in 1873. I tis located in the Opavská Street.
The exterior of the building is neo-romantic; while in the interior, Moorish architectonic elements predominate.
The hall is 24 m long and the two towers are about 22 m high. The main entrance door of the synagogue is from the Soukenická Street. There is one more entry from the garden side as well as from the south-east tower.
The total cost of building of the temple reached 26,000 florins, of which 500 were donated by Emperor Franz Joseph. In 1898 there was installed the organ made by local manufacture Rieger, however it was dismantled and got lost after 1945.
The Krnov Synagogue stopped to be used for religious services in autumn 1938, when the Sudeten were incorporated into Nazi Germany. Not long afterwards, synagogues in the surrounding towns were destroyed.
However, the Krnov synagogue was saved. The mayor of the town summoned a meeting of the councillors and informed them about a secret order received from Berlin "to destroy the Jewish temple". The Sudeten councillors then unanimously accepted the proposal of the builder Franz Irblich to deceive the Nazis. The funeral ceremony hall in the Jewish cemetery was burned down, while the synagogue itself, after the symbols of the Jewish religion were removed, was changed into a town market hall.
Jews played an important role in history, because many of them belonged to very rich people, owning factories, employed people and caring about the welfare and prosperity of the town. Among the famous names are people such as Alois Larisch, a weaver and a prominent factory owner.
During the socialism, the building was first used as a warehouse and then, from 1960, as a district archive, which fortunately helped to preserve the historical character of this building. In 1994 the state handed the synagogue over to the Jewish Community in Olomouc and since 2003 it has run by a citizen association called Krnovská synagoga (Krnov Synagogue) and it has been used as an exhibition and concert hall.
After the flood in 1997, the archive moved out. The flood caused destruction to the wooden floor which had to be replaced with artificial stone. A new roof was also made.
The association also received pews from 1897 that come from the Olomouc synagogue. They had been removed from the Olomouc synagogue shortly before it was burned down in 1939. Plates bearing the names of the Holocaust victims from the Krnov region will be placed in the pews.
The Krnov Synagogue is the only synagogue with interiors in the Moorish style that remained in Moravia and Silesia. It is also one of the three existing synagogues in the Moravia-Silesia Region (besides Nový Jičín and Český Těšín), and it is the only one that has kept its original appearance (even the window frames are original), and thus its historical value.
Since 2017, the Synagogue of Krnov is open throughout the year.
Commented tours start every full hour, but you may visit them during entire opening hours. The tour length is approximately 45 minutes. A guide´s interpretation takes approximately 20 minutes. The rest of time you may spend with interior tour and exposures.
We recommend you to organize your group tours by an advance reservation within winter months. Please call +420 608 643 487 or reserve in Touristic information centre on phone number +420 554 614 612, or send e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
CZK 50 adults, CZK 100 family
CZK 20 children, students aged 6 to 18, seniors over 65
Discounted admission for group tours – see leaflet attached.
A permanent exposition is dedicated to Jewish industrialists. Short term exhibitions, held from April to September, are also a part of the tour. One of the Synagogue tower is also accessible within the tour. For more details visit: www.krnovska-synagoga.cz
Throughout the year
Monday, Wednesday 10 a.m. – 12 a.m. / 1 p.m. – 4 p.m.
Tuesday, Thursday, Friday 10 a.m. – 12 a.m. / 1 p.m. – 3 p.m.
May – September
Monday – Friday opening hours – see above
Saturday 1 p.m. – 4 p.m.
Sunday 10 a.m. – 12 a.m. / 1 p.m. – 4 p.m.
A jigsaw puzzle of the three towers of Krnov was created within the project of Moravskoslezsky County, which supports local touristic information centres. You get the jigsaw puzzle once you visit any of the towers. A contest for a small present has been finished. A jigsaw puzzle is available in Czech, Polish, German and English language.